Saturday, 20 January 2018

190 The Enemy of the World: Episode Five

EPISODE: The Enemy of the World: Episode Five
TRANSMITTED: Saturday 20 January 1968
WRITER: David Whitaker
DIRECTOR: Barry Letts
PRODUCER: Innes Lloyd
RATINGS: 6.9 million viewers
FORMAT: DVD: Doctor Who - The Enemy of the World
TELESNAPS: The Enemy of the World: Episode Five

"Why not me? WHY NOT ME???? Salamander, take me with you! TAKE ME WITH YOU!!"

Bruce steps into the caravan and this time he does not fall for The Doctor pretending to be Salamander. They tell Bruce they have evidence on Salamander. He tells them that Farriah is dead. Benik is holding the unconscious Jamie & Victoria at the research centre. The Doctor talks Bruce into taking him to the research centre to get evidence. In the Underground base Colin is wanting to go outside. Swann finds a scrap of newspaper stuck to a crate "holiday liner sinks with the loss of many lives" He knows they have been lied to about the war. He accuses Salamander of being a murderer and forces Salamander to take him to the surface. When Salamander announces Swann is coming with him to the surface Colin is distraught that it wasn't him who was chosen. Benik interrogates Jamie and Victoria but is interrupted by "Salamander" and sent away. This turns out to be the Doctor. Salamander takes Swann into the tunnels above the base, but Swann wants to go to the surface. Astrid distracts the guards and flees allowing Kent to escape. While outside she hears cries for help and finds the injured Swann lying in a tunnel mouth. She asks him what has happened and he says he was attacked by a man named Salamander.

5y 5z

I'm still bowled over as to how Salamander's pulled this deception off especially as it comes crashing down so easily here from two different directions. Swann's discovery of Salamander's duplicity leads to him stepping outside for a while so he can be disposed of. Has this happened before? Here's Colin & Mary in episode 4:

MARY: Are you going to ask him?
COLIN: You bet I am. He'll take me, too.
MARY: Colin, I couldn't sleep a wink last night thinking about you making the trip. None of the others have come back.
COLIN: Don't stop me now. I've got to see the surface, Mary, I've got to.
Did the other people see through Salamander's lies and have to be taken to the surface to be disposed of?

Then there's Bruce. all through the story he's come over as a very hard man. When confronted with mounting information that indicates something isn't right with Salamander he does something about it. Bravo!

Appearing throughout the story as Donald Bruce is Colin Douglas. Douglas will return to the program 10 years later as Reuben in Horror of Fang Rock. Despite me only knowing him from Doctor Who his his imdb entry shows him to have been a very busy television actor in the 60s and 70s! I'll need to dig out my The Sweeney DVDs as he has a repeat role as the Flying Squad Commander in that appearing in Ringer and Contact Breaker. I know for certain I saw all the episodes of God's Wonderful Railway as a child so I would have seen him as George Grant in Fire on the Line, the final Second World War set segment of the production. I found an episode on YouTube and instantly recognised him!

His 1967 self however looks and sounds like the actor Rupert Vansittart who was General Asquith in Aliens of London and World War Three. Compare and contrast for yourself. The same pompous manner that Bruce has is familiar in a lot of Vansittart's recent roles.

5 Bruce 5 Benik

And on the other hand there's Milton Johns' Benik. He is very nasty and sinister during this episode, it's a top performance so you can see why they got Johns in to do the Who Talk Enemy of the World commentary for this episode!

BENIK: So you've brought them? Good. Any trouble?
CAPTAIN: No, a light drug saw to that.
BENIK: Let me know the moment they wake up.
CAPTAIN: Yes, sir.
BENIK: I'm looking forward to questioning them. I have a feeling they're going to be stubborn. It's so much more interesting when our prisoners are stubborn.

5 Benik C 5 Benik D

The nastiness comes out especially in the sequence where he interrogates Jamie & Victoria, summed up by this exchange:

JAMIE: You must have been a nasty little boy.
BENIK: Oh I was. But I had a very enjoyable childhood.

5 Benik a 5 Benik Hair Pulling

Pulling Victoria's hair to get her and Jamie to reveal information shows him up to be the very worst sort of playground bully!. Fortunately Victoria is saved further pain by the arrival of Bruce and Salamander, actually the Doctor!

So there's plenty happening here and this episode rolls along nicely and you can feel things warming up for the story's conclusion.

According to Barry Letts in his autobiography Who And Me this episode had to be re-written after it was discovered there were no scenes featuring guest star Mary Peach who plays Astrid. Barry had a usually reliable memory, but I'm trying to picture how this episode would have worked without Peach's Astrid in it as her distracting of the guard on the caravan and discovery of the injured Swann forms the climax of what we see on-screen this week. A brief location shot of her hiding from a guard, presumably filmed close to Climping Beach near Littlehampton, helps set these scene nicely for that sequence,

5 Location 1 5 Location 2

Remember Fraser Hines' cousin, Ian Hines, appearing as a guard, and Barry Letts' nephew as Benik's sergeant in earlier episodes? Well in this and the next episode we have David Troughton, son of Patrick, also as a guard. He'll be back in a bit part in The War Games plus a starring role as King Peladon in the Curse of Peladon. He famously was Doctor Bob Buzzard in A Very Peculiar Practice (which has finally got a complete DVD release at long last) with Fifth Doctor Peter Davison before returning as Professor Hobbes in the 2008 New Series episode Midnight. One of my favourite actors he can do an excellent impression of his late father which he does to good effect narrating several of the Target audiobook readings. IMDB (and every other Who publication I've read) reckons this is his first Doctor Who appearance but my friend Ralph heard David Troughton speak at a recent convention where he claims to appear in episode 1 of this story as one of the thugs on the beach, specifically the one that jumps Jamie!

Other actors in this episode who I've been unable to find include Valerie Taylor as a Shelterer who was a Parisian Woman in The Massacre episode 1: The War of God and Blair Stewart who was a test dummy in The Dominators: Episode 1.

OK back to our geography. There's a tunnel leading from the shelter to the surface. The tunnel comes out near to where Kent's caravan is located: Astrid stumbles across Swann who can't have got far from the entrance in that state. The tunnel doesn't seem to be at a huge incline yet we know the shelter is some way bellow ground - maybe it comes off a level that the travel capsule can stop at closer to the surface?

5 Tunnel 1 5 Tunnel 2

In fact you can see the travel capsule in the back of this shot (There was already a poor quality telesnap that we didn't realise had the travel capsule in), and Swann make a point of asking what's directly above them, so the level closer to the surface theory is a good one.

And speaking of poor quality telesnaps....

SALAMANDER: Now what's the matter, huh?
SWANN: What's this? What is this?
SWANN: Newspaper. It's a piece of newspaper.
SWANN: Well, go on, look at it. Read it. Last year's date. Look at the bit of headline there. There!
Here's the blurry telesnap of the piece of paper Swann found that's confounded Who fans for years by being too out of focus to see the date! Fortunately the recovered episode reveals all:

5 Paper find 5 Paper

The date on the paper, said to be "last year's date" is Friday August 16th 2017, which clearly dates the story to 2018, the same as the year on the plate in Astrid's helicopter in episode 1. Publicity at the time put the story "50 years in the future" and Lance Parkin's History of the Universe dates the story to 2017, 50 years after the first episode was broadcast. Close, it's 50 years after *most* of the story was broadcast: the first two episodes are in 1967 but the remaining four are in 1968!

There's only one small problem with the date on the paper: 16th August 2017 is a Wednesday!

Another thought: if it's approaching the 5th anniversary of them descending to the shelter in 2018 then they'd have been hiding down now in 2013 when this episode was found!

More power panels!

The panel on the left in Salamander's office in the shelter is new. We saw the one on the right in the previous episode, here the Danger warning at the top left is very clear.

5 Panel 5 Panel 2

We get quite a good look at this one over two different shots this episode and a pretty clear look at the other one we saw last episode too while everyone is walking around!

5 Panel 3 5 Panel 4

Saturday, 13 January 2018

189 The Enemy of the World: Episode Four

EPISODE: The Enemy of the World: Episode Four
TRANSMITTED: Saturday 13 January 1968
WRITER: David Whitaker
DIRECTOR: Barry Letts
PRODUCER: Innes Lloyd
RATINGS: 7.8 million viewers
FORMAT: DVD: Doctor Who - The Enemy of the World
TELESNAPS: The Enemy of the World: Episode Four

"I think you'll find this interesting."

Salamander decides to return to the research centre. The Doctor & Kent are waiting for Astrid who arrives then contacts them by vidphone, alerting them authorities before she switches to a secure transmission. Denes is dead: shot in the back during the escape attempt. Farrier has followed Astrid: she has come to see Kent with information for him. Farrier has been observed by the guards as well. Farrier tells how she was blackmailed into serving Salamander: she now has evidence that he engineered the schemes that Fedorin was accused of. Kent wants the Doctor to execute Salamander: he refuses. The guards close in on Kent's office but the occupants escape. is killed on the street after the escape. Salamander locks himself in the record room. He accesses a secret lift which takes him to hidden underground chambers. Bruce is angry with the guard outside the room that he can't get access to Salamander. Underground Salamander announces his return to those in the underground shelter. One of the men, Swann, meets with Salamander who claims he has been irradiated and must be decontaminated. He has brought them food back, and reports that it's terrible on the surface. Those in the shelter have been there for five years: they believe there has been a war on the surface which continues to this day. Those in the shelter are creating the natural disasters believing they are striking at those causing the war. Salamander tells them they cannot return to the surface till it's safe to do so. One of the survivors, Swann, wishes to go to the surface but his wife Mary reminds him that of the others that have made the journey only Salamander has returned. The Doctor is being made up to pose as Salamander when someone enters the caravan ...

4y 4z

I think if you'd have offered people the opportunity to get ONE episode of Enemy of the World back there would have been some debate as to which one. Episode one for the location work with the hovercraft and helicopter? Or perhaps episode six for the climax. But episode four had to be a strong contender as no Telesnaps existed for this episode! The BBC website had a rough go using shots from other episodes. Now the episode is returned to the archives we get our first proper look at it. It's the third telesnapless episode to be returned in recent times, since the existence of the telesnaps was discovered, with none existing for either Galaxy Four episode 3: Airlock or The Dalek Masterplan episode 2: The Day of Armageddon. Of all the episodes to reconstruct from scratch, this is one of the easiest: part 1 by comparison would have been a nightmare. All the main cast in this episode are in others. Most of the sets - Kent's office, the caravan, the Research Centre Records room and the shelter - are too. But there's still some surprises in the episode.

It was known that Villier's House in Ealing featured in footage used in Enemy of the World that had been lost. We find out now that the scenes shot here are what the Doctor's group can see when they look out the windows to see the guards coming:

4 Villiers 1 4 Villiers 2

The thing that stands out in that shot is the woman pushing the pram. She bears no relevance to the story and yet it adds something making you realise this all occurring in an populated area. One of the guards in shot is long time Doctor Who extra Pat Gorman. Also there are Arthur McGuire, who'd been a guard in The Massacre episode 4: Bell of Doom and will return in Doctor Who and the Silurians: Episode 3 as a UNIT Soldier, Ken Fraser who's back in The War Games: Episode One as a Sentry and Vic Taylor who had been a Saxon in The Time Meddler 2 & 4 The Meddling Monk & Checkmate, a Cardinal's Guard The Massacre episode 1: War of God, a Worker / Soldier in The War Machines episode 3 and a Soldier in The War Machines episode 4. He'll be back as another UNIT Soldier in Doctor Who and the Silurians episode 3, a Villager in The Dæmons episode one & two and a Coven Member in The Dæmons episodes four & five. He's also got two episodes of Doomwatch to his name as a man in Burial at Sea and a Police Constable in Fire and Brimstone.

The Villiers House location has another Doctor Who claim to fame though: it was the home of BBC Enterprises at the time and for nearly 20 years after. When the BBC vacated the building and it was being cleared out the four missing episodes of the Ice Warriors, One and Four to Six, were found!

Now I have a problem with the lead up to this sequence. Astrid arrives at the office, running as if she's escaped from something like we saw at the end of the last episode. Close behind her is Farriah, who's been following her. Now this seems fine if you think they're round the corner from where they were in the previous episode in the central European zone. But they're not, they're back in Australia! Has Farriah managed to follow Astrid that closely half way round the world without Astrid noticing? Or is David Whitaker hand waving at the geography between episodes and hoping no one would notice? Surely it would make sense for these two to meet in the Central European Zone, travel back together and arrange to meet Giles in Australia when they go there?

There's two main studio settings that the BBC had no pictures of to use in their telesnaps mockup. We can now see for these settings for the first time.

One is the street on which Farriah is killed:

4n flats 4o flats

Well that turns out to easily be one of the worst studio flats seen in the series so far!

As for the other ....

The Enemy of the World has had a three and a bit episode run up but finally during this episode it dives head first off the deep end. Up until now we've had a spy story with a little bit of a hint that Salamander has been causing some natural disasters. Then all off a sudden we've got a hidden underground base complete with survivors sheltering from the after effects of a, presumably nuclear, war who rely on Salamander venturing to the surface for their food. Bwah? Where did that come from? Not even a remote hint of this exists in earlier episode. As plot developments go this one is absolutely barking mad.

Six part, or longer, Doctor Who stories frequently have to do something different at some stage. Changing location is a good one: The first few episodes of the Daleks are in the city while the last deal with the attack. The The first half of Dalek Invasion of Earth is in central London before the action moves to the mines. Marco Polo, Keys of Marinus, The Chase & The Dalek Masterplan all change location most episodes. Evil of the Daleks travels from 60s London to Victorian Canterbury to Skaro. Inferno, famously, has a four episode alternate universe in the middle of it. Other stories introduce new characters or plot elements: The Optera in the Web Planet for example. But the new plot element here just comes from left field completely.

When I originally introduced this episode on FB I said it features "the most bonkers plot twist in Doctor Who". My friend Tim Walker replied

Oh, I don't know - some of the current series' plot twists run it jolly close...
which got me thinking....

Most Nu-Who plot twists have some signposting or make sense afterwards. This one? Completely barking mad!

BRUCE: Are you telling me that no one, no one at all can see Salamander?
GUARD: No one, sir.
BRUCE: Can you communicate with him on closed circuit?
GUARD: I'll try, sir. He's turned off the master switch. Sorry, sir.
BENIK: Here are all the security details. What's the matter now?
BRUCE: It seems that Salamander has locked himself away and can't be got at.
BRUCE: Well, suppose the place caught fire?
BENIK: It won't.
BRUCE: Don't be foolish!
BENIK: Look, I can only tell you that when Salamander works in records, as he does from time to time, no one is allowed in.
BRUCE: I could understand if it were a laboratory or a research room of some sort, but a records room? What sort of records have you got in there anyway?
BENIK: What did you want to see him about?
BRUCE: Never mind. I just don't like mysteries. Salamander's far too important to lock himself away like this. Anything might happen. A world emergency. Suppose I had to order you to let me in there?
BENIK: It wouldn't do any good. When the locks are switched over they can only be opened from the inside.
And why can't they see Salamander? Because he's got a secret underground base under the research centre!

4a 4b

What we can finally see here is just how Salamander accesses his underground layer: I wonder immediately why he's mucking about with a capsule that moves from horizontal to vertical before descending when he could of just had a lift put in the shaft.

4c 4d

It's not a bad sequence on screen, very Thunderbirds.

4e 4f

Actually let's think about the capsule for a second: it does appear to go straight down, so it's a reasonable assumption that the shelter is directly under the research establishment at some depth. This isn't as silly as it sounds: Kanowna, where we think the Kanowa research centre is actually located, is a former gold mining town. I could see Salamander taking some of the former mine workings and adapting them to his purpose. But the important thing to note here is that the shelter is under the Research Centre in Kanowa!

As Salamander enters the shelter and we get out first view of it the music playing in the background is Bela Bartok's Adagio from Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta. There's a bit of Bartok sprinkled throughout the production, perhaps appropriately because the composer was Hungarian and sections of the story, notably in episodes 2 and 3, are set in Hungary. However this piece is pretty distinctive and stuck in my mind..... because it famously features in the very next Doctor Who story, the Web of Fear! You can read more about Bartok's use in Doctor Who at

And if the hidden underground base isn't mad enough then look at this:

SALAMANDER: I remembered on my way back down here that we are near our anniversary again. In a few short weeks, we survivors will have been down in this shelter for exactly five years.
CROWD: Five years.
SALAMANDER: Colin and Mary were just teenagers then. Look at them now. We fed ourselves. But what's more than that, we are fighting back! We are doing something!
CROWD: Yes! Yes!
COLIN: Will we return to the surface, Salamander?
SALAMANDER: Yes, of course we will. This is what I'm striving for. But up there, it's terrible still. The war goes on and on, and you never know when the air is clean or when it's poison.
COLIN: When can we return?
SALAMANDER: We have to fight for a while longer, hmm? Creating natural disasters, monsoons, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, always in the places where the enemies of truth and freedom gather together.
They've been down there five years and are creating the natural disasters that Salamander has been predicting and taking advantage of! What ????????

The thing is this plot twist has come from nowhere. Really the only element of Salamander's story that's slightly loose from the first few episodes is how he's causing the natural disasters. My money is on the Suncatchers/Sun Store: I've seen enough Bond films to know that Supervillains can't resist using satellites to threaten the world!

Here's Salamander in episode one speaking to the United Zones:

SALAMANDER: The progress, Mister President, of the Sun Conservation establishment at Kanowna, in the Australasian Zone, is, I'm delighted to report, highly satisfactory. But we cannot yet guarantee good summer holidays for all. (laughter) However, we have now in orbit the Mark Seven Sun Catcher, and already we have been able to concentrate the sun's rays into much needed areas.
(Despite what The Doctor Who Transcripts says it is very clearly Kanowna with a second N)

Kent explaining about Salamander to the Doctor:

KENT: He's one of the most popular men on the planet. Many people call him the shopkeeper of the world. The saviour, in fact, some of them.
JAMIE: Well, what's he saved the world from?
ASTRID: Starvation. Too many people, too little food.
KENT: Until Salamander invented his Sun Store. But surely you've heard? You must know?
DOCTOR: Oh yes, well of course, we've heard something.
KENT: The Sun Store collects the rays from the sun and stores them in concentrated form.
Then the Doctor and Kent talking in episode 3:
KENT: I'm certain Salamander's causing the earthquakes, Doctor, and I'm sure your friends Jamie and Victoria will tell you just how bad he really is.
DOCTOR: But why make earthquakes?
KENT: Years ago, Doctor, when one country wanted to invade another it set about attacking the confidence of that country, throwing it into confusion, making it weak. Then it was right for takeover. Now, isn't that exactly what's happening here, only in a different way?
DOCTOR: What you're saying is that Salamander's found a way of harnessing the natural forces of the earth. It's a little difficult to accept. I'm not saying it's impossible, mind you. You say it's coming from the Research Station. Salamander's Research Station, eh?
KENT: That's what I believe, in spite of a number of reasons. He invented the sunstore, a brilliant advance. He found a way of directing conserved energy to areas starved of sun.
So points for remembering what Salamander's doing involves the research centre. But a secret base hidden beneath it and a group of people underground? We don't see Salamander disappearing off for stretches of time, we don't hear about his unexplained absences or days spent labouring in the research room. Nothing until he goes down in the lift. David Whitaker has got to the end of part 3 and gone "oh ****, I've got three more episodes to fill!" and thrown in the first idea that's popped into his head...... And, as we'll see he's not given how he's wrapping this up much thought either.....

This episode doesn't feature Jamie or Victoria: Both actors were on holiday this week. I think this is the first, and only, time that more than one series regular is away for the same episode!

The introduction of the community underground means a new group of actors: Adam Verney, playing Colin, reminds me of another actor but I can't think who and it's been bugging me ever since this episode was returned!. Neither he nor Margret Hickey, Mary, have any significantly recorded TV career to speak of.

4g Colin & Mary 4h Swann

The community's leader is someone who'll become a regular actor for director Barry Letts: Swann is played by Christopher Burgess. He had appeared with Barry Letts, while the later was still acting, in This Man Craig: The Good Chemist during 1966. He'll go on to play Professor Philips, the other scientist Terror of the Autons 1 & 2, and Barnes, one of Lupton's gang, in Planet of the Spiders.

Amoung the shelterers you have Bill Howes who was a Parisian Man in The Massacre episode 1: War of God and also appears as a Man in Doomwatch: The Battery People. Rosina Stewart returns in Doctor Who and the Silurians: Episode 6 and is also in a Doomwatch: she's a woman in Hear No Evil while Francis Batsoni is in the The Mind of Evil: Episode One as General Cheng Teik and John Timberlake is a Kaled Scientist in Genesis of the Daleks. Freddie Wiles doesn't return to Doctor Who but is a man in the Doomwatch episodes Spectre at the Feast and The Battery People. He later had recurring roles in both Dad's Army and Are You Being Served? We've seen Sarah Lisemore already this series as a long shot stand-in for Deborah Watling during the location shoot for episode 1. Her husband was Martin Lisemore who worked as a production assistant on this serial and later became a producer before being killed in a car accident during the production of Murder Most English.

The only reason Andrew Staines, here playing Benik's Sergeant, came to my attention is that I'd read the production subtitles on Planet of Spiders. He was another favourite actor of Barry Letts: indeed 4 of his 6 acting credits on are Doctor Who roles with Barry Letts directing: He's the scientist Goodge in Terror of the Autons, Professor Philips assistant who becomes the first victim of the Master's tissue compression eliminator, the Captain in Carnival of Monsters and finally Keaver, another of Lupton's gang, in Planet of the Spiders. While listening to the Who Talk commentary for this episode I was surprised to discover that he is the son of actress Pauline Letts, Barry's sister! (who in turn I'd seen in the BBC version of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy) Toby Hadoke interviews him for Who's Round 160 where he reveals that his uncle usually used him as a late replacement when someone dropped out. In this particular case the role he was playing had been offered to Terence Donovan, the father of singer and actor Jason Donovan!

So we've got Fraser Hines' brother and Barry Letts' nephew. Any more relatives of the cast and crew in this production? Incredibly, YES, as we'll find out next episode!

4i Sgt 4j guard

Barry Letts will also use actor Bill McGuirk again: here he's the Guard in Corridor but he'll be back as a Policeman in Terror of The Autons only to have his scenes removed!

It's Power Room panel time!

We've seen both of these two before: they were in the Underwater Menace and can be seen in the episode4 telesnaps where they appear either side of the prop known as the Rel Meter!

4l Panel 4m panel

The one on the left can also be seen in several of the Macra Terror episode 3 telesnaps.

Saturday, 6 January 2018

188 The Enemy of the World: Episode Three

EPISODE: The Enemy of the World: Episode Three
TRANSMITTED: Saturday 06 January 1968
WRITER: David Whitaker
DIRECTOR: Barry Letts
PRODUCER: Innes Lloyd
RATINGS: 7.1 million viewers
FORMAT: DVD: Doctor Who - The Enemy of the World
TELESNAPS: The Enemy of the World: Episode Three

" What you're saying is that Salamander's found a way of harnessing the natural forces of the earth? It's a little difficult to accept! I'm not saying it's impossible, mind you...."

Salamander gives poison to Fedorin for him to administer to Denes. Bruce is surprised to see Jamie there dressed as a guard and wants to know what "Salamander" was talking to Kent about. Victoria assists Farriah and Grif the cook in the kitchen. Jamie arrives and tells Victoria that Salamander wants to replace the honest Denes with the weak Fedorin. Jamie speculates about the Earthquakes as Giles Kent outlines to the Doctor the same suspicions that he has, showing him television pictures of the destruction. The Doctor hides as Benik arrives, argues with Kent and has his caravan smashed up. The Doctor says he needs facts and hopes Jamie will provide them. Astrid arrives at the European palace with a message for Salamander. She sneaks away and speaks to Victoria and Jamie. She tells them to cause a diversion at 11 o'clock. Victoria takes Denes his food, but Fedorin bumps into her in the corridor and sends her away while he poisons the food. The Guard Captain recalls seeing Astrid to Salamander. Victoria stays with Denes. Fedorin tells Salamander he couldn't bring himself to poison Denes: They drink together and Fedorin is himself poisoned by Salamander. Jamie claims to have spotted someone in the garden: shooting starts and Astrid enters the palace to rescue Denes. Jamie & Victoria are brought to Salamander for interrogation. Bruce asks Salamander what's going on:

BRUCE: Salamander, I think it's about time you told me what's going on. One minute I see you with this lad McCrimmon, you're working together, the next minute
SALAMANDER: I thought he saved my life.
BRUCE: No, I mean before that, in Kent's office.
SALAMANDER: What are you talking about?
BRUCE: Well, I saw you there.
SALAMANDER: But I haven't seen Kent in months.
BRUCE: Yes, you were with Kent, the Ferrier girl, and those two youngsters. I thought it was so curious I spoke to your number two, Benik, about it. That's really the reason I came to this zone.
SALAMANDER: But I tell you. I must get back to research centre. You will come with me.
BRUCE: It was you! ..... Or someone like you!
3y 3z

For many years Enemy of the World 3 was the only episode of this story to exist, with the original camera negative for the telerecording being one of two episodes from this season being found in the BBC Film & Video library on Ian Levine's initial visit, the other being Wheel in Space 6. I first encountered it on the Troughton Years VHS and hated it. Very little Doctor, very little of the main villain, no Monsters. Basically "What's this doing on the tape when I could be watching Web of Fear 1 and getting some more Yeti action?". In the context of the rest story I can see it makes sense and has a function. I still don't think it's the greatest example of sixties Doctor Who though. It's just a mess!

For a start we've got a prisoner being held in a corridor:

BRUCE: Captain? Why is Mister Denes being kept in the corridor here?
CAPTAIN: It's easier to guard him here.
You mean cheaper than building an extra set for a cell?

Then only time we see the Doctor he's sitting around in a caravan spying through a pair of binoculars before a character we've not seen elsewhere in the episode arrives to rough up the man the Doctor is with!

3c 3d

Then we're mucking about in kitchens

GRIFFIN: So you reckon you know about cooking?
VICTORIA: Yes, I used to do lots at home.
GRIFFIN: All right, give me a menu.
VICTORIA: What, now?
GRIFFIN: Yeah, now.
VICTORIA: Soup. Fish. Meat and pudding. Er.
GRIFFIN: Dessert.
GRIFFIN: Go on. What else?
GRIFFIN: Yes, you're a bit too smart for me. All right then, let's have a recipe.
VICTORIA: What, now?
GRIFFIN: Yeah, now.
VICTORIA: Er, er. Oh, yes! Yes! We used to have a lovely pudding at home, with lots of almonds, eggs, lemon peel, candied peel, oranges, cream and, oh it was lovely!
GRIFFIN: You wouldn't know how to make it?
VICTORIA: Oh it's quite simple, really. You sort of whoosh it up all together.
GRIFFIN: Well, that sounds easy. What's this whoosh-up called, then?
VICTORIA: Kaiser pudding.
GRIFFIN: Oh that's great, just great. Yes, I've got a job for you, all right. Peel those spuds, yeah, now.
FARIAH: Is that the best you can do for her? The girl must learn.
GRIFFIN: Back at school, are we? Well, I suppose there are worse things. The place could be overrun with rats gnawing holes in the gas pipes so the ovens catch fire and burn the building down.
FARIAH: It isn't that bad, Griff.
GRIFFIN: Look, I'm only trying to help with the. See? There, you see? This chicken's browning too soon already. It'll be as tough as rubber.
FARIAH: Oh, Griff.
GRIFFIN: Now the soup's boiling. Did I put any salt in it? Dinner tonight's going to be national disaster. My mother was right.
GRIFFIN: She wanted me to be a dustman. Here, look, do you want to do something useful?
VICTORIA: Oh yes, please.
GRIFFIN: Well sit down and write out the menus. First course interrupted by bomb explosion. Second course affected by earthquakes. Third course ruined by interference in the kitchen. I'm going out for a walk. It'll probably rain.
And that features a guest actor hamming it up as much as possible!

All this is a bit distracting from the vital information that is conveyed:

VICTORIA: Astrid and Giles Kent were quite right, Salamander is an evil man. I can somehow sense it from all the people here.
JAMIE: Aye, he's bad all right. He's had Denes arrested, and he's got this man Fedorin eating out of his hand.
VICTORIA: Why should he do that?
JAMIE: Remove the honest man and put a weaker man in his place, but somehow have a hold on him. That way Salamander can take over the territory.
VICTORIA: Oh, I see. And when everything's in a turmoil because of the earthquakes.
JAMIE: Aye, and that's lucky to say the least.
VICTORIA: But you don't really believe that Salamander could cause earthquakes, do you?

KENT: I'm certain Salamander's causing the earthquakes, Doctor, and I'm sure your friends Jamie and Victoria will tell you just how bad he really is.
DOCTOR: But why make earthquakes?
KENT: Years ago, Doctor, when one country wanted to invade another it set about attacking the confidence of that country, throwing it into confusion, making it weak. Then it was right for takeover. Now, isn't that exactly what's happening here, only in a different way?
DOCTOR: What you're saying is that Salamander's found a way of harnessing the natural forces of the earth. It's a little difficult to accept. I'm not saying it's impossible, mind you. You say it's coming from the Research Station. Salamander's Research Station, eh?
KENT: That's what I believe, in spite of a number of reasons. He invented the sunstore, a brilliant advance. He found a way of directing conserved energy to areas starved of sun.
DOCTOR: What made you suspicious?
KENT: All the money he was spending at the Research Station. The materials involved, the food stores. It didn't make sense. I had all the papers, all the requisition orders.
DOCTOR: But that's valuable evidence!
KENT: All destroyed, and new ones appeared, and I was made out to be the criminal. All by suggestion, of course. I was discredited. And every accusation I made against Salamander was put down as an attempt to throw suspicion off myself.
DOCTOR: A sort of Jekyll and Hyde character, perhaps, our Mister Salamander. It'll be interesting to see what report Jamie brings back

Like main guest star Bill Kerr. Reg Lye, who plays Griffin the Chef, is another Australian but this time not appearing in the story's main Australian setting!

3rl eotwFedorin

David Nettheim, playing Fedorin, is another Fair Dinkum Aussie though that doesn't come through in either his performance or the background of his character who's meant to be central European! Nettheim's got an Out of the Unknown appearing in the comical season 1 episode The Midas Plague as the Analyst which you can see on Out of the Unknown DVD Set. He was also in The Prisoner: The Schizoid Man as the Doctor.

Remember I said in the previous episode that 'Aitch was in this episode but was supposedly harder to spot? Rubbish, once you know he's here, then he's easy to find being in the opening moments of the episode:

3 Aitch 1 3 Aitch 2

We can see his boat race clearly here!

Appearing in the second & third episodes is George Pravda as Denes (pronounced Den-esh). He returns in the Mutants as Jaeger but is famous for his appearance as Castellan Spandrell in the Deadly Assassin. He too had been a Doctor in The Prisoner appearing in the episode A Change of Mind. Elsewhere he's Kutze in the James Bond film Thunderball, Prof. Miklos Egri in Doomwatch: Spectre at the Feast, Gen. Alexis Trenkin in Moonbase 3: Castor and Pollux, Gershom in I, Claudius: Some Justice, Hirschfield in The Professionals: First Night and General Borov in Firefox.

eotw Denes 3BL

Guarding Denes in the corridor is Bill Lyons who would later go on to write the Blake's 7 episode Games. Oddly enough the next Doctor Who story, the Web of Fear, features an actor who would go on to write the previous episode of Blake's 7! Lyons also has an Out of the Unknown on his acting CV playing a Youth in The Little Black Bag, a third season episode that partially survives.

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A piece of film familiar to Doctor Who fans pops up in this episode: When Kent is showing the Doctor footage of the Volcanoes erupting a piece of stock footage is used. The same piece of film, albeit in colour, later resurfaces in Inferno as the background for the custom story and episode slides seen after the title sequence.

So given that it's so bad, why have we still got it? An episode being "good" or "bad" doesn't seem to have any effect on if they were kept or not. For a long while it was thought that this episode was the first to be broadcast using the 625 line standard but the recent find of earlier episodes of this story have shown that they were recorded on that standard too. I would have happily swapped this for almost any other Troughton episodes and when a second copy of Enemy of the World episode 3 was found in Jos and the missing Web of Fear episode 3 wasn't I could have torn my hair out!

Saturday, 30 December 2017

187 The Enemy of the World: Episode Two

EPISODE: The Enemy of the World: Episode Two
TRANSMITTED: Saturday 30 December 1967
WRITER: David Whitaker
DIRECTOR: Barry Letts
PRODUCER: Innes Lloyd
RATINGS: 7.6 million viewers
FORMAT: DVD: Doctor Who - The Enemy of the World
TELESNAPS: The Enemy of the World: Episode Two

"I don't know where you stand, Mister Kent, but you and this Salamander are obviously on opposite sides. That at least is clear. But which side is good? Which side is bad? And why should I interfere?"

Bruce is taken in by the Doctor and leaves. The Doctor takes Jamie's advice and accepts the assignment. Astrid, Jamie & Victoria travel to the Central European Zone to meet the sympathetic controller Denes and to infiltrate Salamander's inner circle. At the research centre Benik is questioned about if he saw Salamander leave for Europe. Benik tried to speak with Salamander. Salamander talks to Denes about extinct Volcanoes in his territory and how he has a food record of predicting which may come to life. Farriah tells Salamander he has a call. Denes leaves but Fedorin stays behind talking with Salamander. Jamie & Victoria wait in a park: Astrid joins them and gives Jamie the card he needs to get into Salamander's palace. Fedorin talks with Farriah who reveals she is Salamander's food taster. Jamie arrives throwing Salamander's communication box over the balcony which explodes. The grateful Salamander admits Jamie to his guards. When he protests that he's here with his girlfriend Salamander says he'll find her a job too. He fetches Victoria, but they are seen with Astrid by the guard captain. Astrid meets with Denes. Salamander produces accusations against Fedorin blackmailing him into killing Denes in return for Fedorin succeeding him. The palace is shook by a volcanic eruption proving Salamander's predictions. Denes arrives and accuses Salamander of being responsible for the disaster. Bruce arrests Denes: Fedorin will be a witness against him.

2y 2z

The flavour of this story is becoming more like a James Bond spy story than Doctor Who with secret infiltrations and plotting but no monsters. The story is enjoyable enough so far as Troughton relishes his dual roles but this episode lacks the visual spectacle of the first featuring no location work or the vehicle action seen there.

KENT: What news of Denes? We must keep him posted as to what is happening.
ASTRID: It's all right. We've contacted and we've arranged to meet.
KENT: Be careful, he's pretty well known.
ASTRID: Oh, don't worry. I suggested that we meet under a disused jetty by the river.
DOCTOR: Disused Yeti?
KENT: No, no, no, no. Jetty, jetty. Er, anything else to tell us?
The disused Yeti joke only serves to remind us that there's no monsters in this story. It's one of just three in the Troughton era to have this distinction, one per season. The other two are The Highlanders and The Space Pirates, neither of which I'm particularly fond of! Oddly they form a nice symmetrical pattern being Troughton's second tale, the middle of his middle season and and the penultimate story of his last season!

The Yeti line also makes me think that I'd rather be watching the next story, one of my all time favourites!

Making his Doctor who début in this episode is Milton Johns as Benik. Johns always does slightly sinister and obsequious really well but here the sinister is turned well up.He'll be back as Guy Crayford in The Android Invasion, also directed by Barry Letts, and Kelner in The Invasion of Time. He's one of a number of Doctor Who actors to appear in the Star Wars films playing an Imperial Officer in The Empire Strikes Back. MY DVD collection also has his appearances in Yes Minister: The Economy Drive as Ron Watson and The Professionals as a Clerk in No Stone.

Toby Hadoke interviews him in Who's Round 136 and 137, the only episodes of the podcast where both participants are in collar and tie! Johns also takes part in the Who Talk Enemy of the World commentaries for episodes 5 & 6, making up for the sad lack of them on the BBC DVD.

2 Benik 2 Farriah

Also joining the cast this episode is Carmen Munroe who plays Farriah. She's since gone on to extensive acting fame, including Shirley Ambrose the wife in Desmond's, but I believe she is here the first female black actress in Doctor Who. She's also another entry on the "Doctor Who actors who have appeared in Play School" list! Carmen Munroe appears on episodes 3 & 4 of the aforementioned Who Talk commentary CDs.

It is *slightly* confusing having characters with the name Farriah and Ferrier (Astrid) in the same story!

This episode, and the next, feature Ian Hines, the brother of Fraser Hines who plays Jamie, in the role of a guard. He's not the only relative of a cast member to pop up as a guard in this serial as we'll see in episodes 4, 5 & 6. Ian Hines returns as a White Robot in the Mind Robber. Having misidentified him last time round, I'm now led to believe that it might be him menacing Fedorin who then gets jumped by his cousin!

2 Hines 2 Aitch

The Central European Guard I thought was Hines, in the second picture, someone has identified as being Andrew Andreas. He was in Dalek Masterplan 10: Escape Switch as an Egyptian Warrior and returns in The War Games: Episode Three as a German Soldier.

But wait! Who's that on the left of the picture as the other guard? On his Doctor Who début it's long serving supporting artist Harry 'Aitch Fielder! IMDB claimed his first appearance was in episode 1 but there's no guard there. Apparently he's in episode 3 as well but is reputedly harder to spot (he isn't: once I knew he was there I found him easily!) after this story he's back as a Wheel Crewmember in The Wheel in Space, a Vogan in Revenge of the Cybermen, a Guard in The Seeds of Doom, a Guard in The Deadly Assassin, the Second Assassin in The Face of Evil part one (he gets on the commentary for that DVD!), a Titan Base Crewman in The Invisible Enemy part one, a Levithian Guard in The Ribos Operation, a Guard in The Armageddon Factor part two, a Tigellan in Meglos part one and a Security Guard in Castrovalva part one. His Blake's 7 appearances include an Armed Crewman in Space Fall and Cygnus Alpha, a Scavenger in Deliverance a Federation Trooper in Weapon, Trial, Voice from the Past (where he's also a rebel), Children of Auron, Games, Warlord and Blake meaning he was present at the final climatic scene! I first knew him as Harry the Security Guard in CBTV but he's been in everything from when I was growing up! Aitch is on Facebook, has a website recalling the many productions he's been in and has adapted it into a rather good book.

Australia Geography time: Salamander's research centre is said to be in Kanowa, which is born out in the script and a sign seen outside the building. I've not been able to find a place of this name, despite enlisting some help from friends in Australia. However what I find on the internet suggests that this is a misspelling of Kanowna, Western Australia, an abandoned gold mining town about about 20 km east of Kalgoorlie and about 250 miles away from Cape Arid where the Tardis landed in part 1.

Interestingly in part one Troughton appears to say Kanowna when giving Salamander's speech!

The Kanowa location is said, by Donald Bruce, to be less than 200 miles away from where he saw The Doctor impersonating Salamander - which implies that the office is more than 100 miles, probably more than 150 miles, away from where they are at the moment. Episode one hints that that Kent's office is close enough for Astrid to fly to Cape Arid by helicopter quite quickly. Ian Marter's novelization suggests that Kent's offices are in Melville, WA a suburb of Perth which is slightly further away.

For some years the location that served as the location of the Kanowa research centre was in doubt. An existing blurry telesnap, thought to be a still was all people had to go on. The return of the episode has changed that though:

2 Map A 2 Map B

As we can see above there's actually *TWO* different shots of the location. See the branch in the first shot? That's actually moving over the picture giving it the feel this is actual filmed footage. But look at the positioning of the sign - it moves from shot to shot in relation to the road, indicating it's been added into a photo that was filmed with someone waving a branch in front of it. But these images have allowed the real life location to be identified: it's Dungerness Nuclear Power Station in Kent, later to be used as the location in The Claws of Axos. Here's a clear long shot of the buildings in question now.

It was always known that Walpole Park in Ealing had been used as a location in this story and it appears in this episode with the footage being used as a back projection behind the park bench Victoria, Jamie and Astrid sit on. At one point you can see Jamie walking towards the bench in the background, hence the need for actual shoot at the location rather than using a static photo.

2 Location 1 2 Location 2

But there's another location used as the backdrop for the disused jetty! Where's that?